EQ, or equalization, is an important skill for anyone who wants to produce professional sounding mixes and masters. EQs are built into most digital audio workstations these days, but it's always a good idea to brush up on your skills and know the basics before diving into more advanced techniques. In this blog post we will be discussing 5 steps that will help you eq vocals like a pro!
Step One: The first step is to find the frequency range that you want to work with. You can do this by finding the fundamental frequency of the vocal track and then narrowing it down from there. For example, if the fundamental frequency of a vocal track is 220 Hz, you would focus your attention on frequencies between 200-250 Hz. This will give you a good starting point for shaping the sound of the vocals.
Step Two: Next, you'll want to adjust the gain or amplitude for each frequency band until they are all in balance with one another. This will take some experimentation and patience, but it's important to get everything sounding just right. Remember that less is more when comes to EQing; try not to make any drastic changes to the sound.
Step Three: Now that you have your frequency bands set up and balanced, it's time to make some subtle adjustments in order to get everything sounding tight and cohesive. This is where things start getting more subjective than objective, but there are a few techniques that can help you achieve this goal. The first thing I like to do is boost frequencies between 70 Hz-100 Hz by about one or two decibels (dB). After doing this for each band, check back on what you've done so far and see if anything needs further adjustment. If not, then move onto step four!
Step Four: One of my favorite ways of mastering vocal tracks with eqs is boosting high pass filters. This will help to get rid of any unwanted noise or rumble in the lower frequencies and make the track sound tighter and more focused. I usually boost these filters by around three or four dB, but it really depends on the track itself.
Step Five: The last step is to add a small amount of compression to the vocals. This will help to control any dynamics that may be causing problems and make them sound more consistent from start to finish. A ratio of two-to-one with a threshold of -15dB works well for most vocal tracks. Just experiment until you find something that sounds good!
That's it! Those are five steps that will help you eq vocals! EQing can seem daunting at first, but with a little practice you'll be able to get your vocals sounding just the way you want them. Thanks for reading!